Jangan suka terkinja kinja...Apa lagi dijual dijaja...Jangan dikeji usah dipuja...Sikit cakap banyakkan kerja...

Berburu ke padang datar...Dapat rusa belang kaki...Berguru kepalang ajar...Ibarat bunga kembang tak jadi

Kalau Tuan pergi ke Tanjung...Carikan saya ketam ragi...Hidup kita jangan sombong...Suatu hari di telan bumi

Friday, October 5, 2007

Seni Silat Gayang Lima aka Buah Pukul

(8th December, 2006)

Of late, I have been thinking about Seni Silat Gayang Lima or Buah Pukul Mersing. In Malay, 'Seni' means Art, 'Silat' means Fighting Techniques, 'Gayang' meaning Swaying and 'Lima' is Five. On the other hand 'buah' means fruit and pukul means 'to hit' or 'beat'. Our 8 bodily weapons namely 2 knuckles, 2 elbows, 2 knees and 2 feet represent the 'buah' which readily divert, block and attack our opponent/s under the inspiring movements of our divine master known as 'Lian'.

"Lian itu Pukul, Pukul itu Lian, Lian itulah Guru kamu" meaning "Lian is combat, combat is Lian, Lian is your Master"

In Gayang Lima, there are 12 disciplines of Lian which are taught in the Gayang Lima syllabus. Upon completion of the 12 Lian, the student will further master the advance techniques of 'Buah Tingkatan'. These consist of 36 types of single blows within the reach of our weapons known as 'langkah maut' or deadly steps. It's all translated in the lian, in which our weapons to us, are secret to our enemies.

Frankly, and with due respect to other martial arts, if a student just completes 3 Lian disciplines and adheres to them strictly, he or she can be involved in fights and win brawls. By the nature of it, Gayang Lima teaches offensive techniques as compared to self defence methods.

I studied this exciting combat art from Abdul Rahman Bin Abdul Majid aka Pak Atan Air Batu. According to him, this art was inspired to Sayidina Samaon Al-Radzi, an Arab immigrant to Yunan Province in China. Later on it was brought to Malaya (now Malaysia) by Syed Abdul Rahman Al-Yunani in the 19th century. He then taught it to a prominent majistrate of Mersing town in the State of Johore by the name of Awang Daik. Awang Daik named it Gayang Lima . It is also known as Buah Pukul Mersing or Buah Timur. It was further taught to Pak Teh Mat Yasin who then passed it on to Pak Atan. Pak Atan also trained under Chu Aman, his senior under the same master.

The thing about this martial art is that you never enter it to leave it for other types of martial arts. By all means, if you do learn and master all the other types of martial arts, it's a refining process, as natural as Gayang Lima itself.

There is no room for arrogance in us. God created us, and everything that we do with the knowledge that we have acquired are all at His mercy. Gayang Lima emphasizes these humble traits in our quest to master our skills. After all, we are only human.

Saturday, August 25, 2007

Martial Arts Development

(Article written by Hwaa Irfan, staff writer of Islamonline on 10/29/2002 extracted from Malaysian 'Senibeladiri' martial arts magazine December 2004 issue)

Al-jihad al-akbar - the greater jihad, is the inner battle; the invisible war towards self development and unity of mind, body and soul. Many Islamic scholars view this as the prime ambition in Islam, for without this inner jihad, man's will over his personal and public life is meaningless as man's tendencies and weaknesses can not be overcome.

The modern exterior of life created by man has added ugliness where the signs of Allah(swt)through nature once added beauty, meditation and reflection.

The Qur'an states "...Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition..."(Surah ul Ra'd 13:11). However, before the external changes (political and social) can take place, the internal must transpire first, otherwise it is all short lived.

In the past for Chinese Muslims, the martial arts were a means to bring the inner jihad into a tangible method of self development. Many reports have shown that the proper learning of martial arts has helped troubled youths claim and earn self-respect and understanding. The enemy within is tamed and understood.

Ali ibn Abi Talib said, "A man's enemies can be of more benefit to him than his brothers, for they draw attention to his faults from which he can then turn away (Haeri p. 112).?

Mind-Body-Spirit Union

Martial arts is seemingly a physical art that has undergone many transformation along the years making it appear to focus on defense and attack. Yet in its truest form, as in Islam, it uses the physical world of man to understand the non-physical world to create a mind-body-spirit union.

Christian educator and theosophist Rudolph Steiner (1861-) once pointed out that a great debt was owed by western natural science to the spiritual stream of what he called Arabism? He argued that Western natural science was the product of the Christian Crusades and Muslim Holy War in a martial age (Boardman p. 1).

It was during the battle for Christendom in Northern Spain that the works of Ibn Sina and others' overwhelming belief in the transcendence of Allah (swt) affected and influenced such prominent Christian scientists of the times such as Roger Bacon. Crusaders witnessed Muslims as having a spiritual power and sense of unity that moved them with elemental force (Boardman p. 2).

Kung Fu is part of our long history as Muslims in seeking to learn and develop within ourselves. Kung Fu actually means the mastery of a difficult task to a standard of excellence?(Lohan p. 1). It is the origin of most of the Asiatic martial arts, but focuses on the development of the complete person mentally and physically (Lohan p. 1).

The art of energy management, however, is not confined to Chinese martial arts forms which Muslims have helped to develop and even originate as some might claim!
Energy as in the life force directed through the human energy field in Chinese is called chi and shan. In Islam it is nafas and ruh (Geocities p. 2). Used in spiritual cultivation, the direction of the life force plays a different role ?the inner jihad.

Islam and the Martial Arts Muslims in Malaysia and Indonesia practice Muslim forms of martial arts like Silat. In China, where the Muslim place of worship is called Qing Zhen Si (Temples of Purity and Truth), Muslims have contributed to the development of chi kung and kung fu (Geocities p.3)

Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang was the founder of the famous Ming Dynasty, and although he never proclaimed to be a Muslim, his six most trusted commanders were. They were Chang Yuchan, Hu Dahai, Mu Ying, Lan Yu, Feng Sheng and Ding Dexing (Coralweb p. 1).
They were all wushu (Chinese for martial arts) masters. As commanders they defeated rebellious activities including that of the Mongols. A significant number of Muslims died between 1644 ?1911 AD in the attempt to restore the Ming dynasty, which was instituted to bring harmony and fellowship amongst all the different groups of China (Kabiling p. 2).

The leaders of the Hui, a Muslim minority of five million, called on the people to learn wushu as a holy practice in the struggle for survival and self-improvement? During the Lesser Bairam (Eid ul Fitr) and the Prophet's (peace be upon him) birthday, the Hui local mosques held wushu contests or exhibitions (Coralweb p. 1).

The Chinese martial arts technique called Tan Lui (spring leg) was actually developed by Hui Muslim named Chamir from Xingjiang during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) (Stark p. 1).

Cha Kungfu is a Muslim technique from Northern Shaolin also named after a Muslim Kung Fu master ?Cha Mi Er. Another Muslim master was Cheng Ho, an admiral of the Ming Dynasty (geocities p. 3).

The Bajiquan (8 extreme fists ?rakehand) was first practiced by Wu Zhong, a Chinese Muslim from Mong village in Kang country (Zheng p. 2). In 1936, Zheng Wen Guang, a Muslim, attended the 11th Olympic Games as a specially invited member on the Chinese Wushu team (Xianding p.2).

This is a glimpse at what once was. Last August, China military completed a large-scale 'exercise' in the Muslim region of Xingjiang (McGregor p. 1).

Not acknowledging our religion and the wealth that has been offered to us is a reflection of our inability to bring into focus the inner jihad, as we seek to develop understanding and further control our lives.

Sources :
Boardman. Terry. " 'Asia and 'The West' at the End of the 20th Century? 01/31/00. 1-9. Monju.pwp. 08/30/01.

Coralweb.netChinese Muslims Developed What We Now Call Kung Fu?? 08/08/99. 1-2. 08/16/01. Answers to Readers Questions ?August 2000. Pt.2? 1-18. Wong Kiew Kit's Home Page. 08/30/01.

Haeri, Fadhlalla. The Sayings & Wisdom of Imam Ali? Britain & N. Ireland. Muhammadi Trust & Zahra Publications. 1992.

Kabiling. Karen. Historyof Chinese Muslims Discussed? Spartan Daily. 03/15/01. 1-3. News. 08/16/01. About Kung Fu? 1-3. Kung Fu History. Lohan 08/30/01.
McGregor. Richard. China Completes Military Exercises in Muslim Region? 08/14/01. 1-2. Asia Pacific: News & Analysis/World. FT.COM. 08/20/01.

Stark. Michael, J. Chinese Martial Arts and the Hui? 01/06/97. 08/16/01.

Xianging. Ma. Han Chinese Muslims Developed Many Forms of Wushu? Singapore News Forum. 07/01/01. Singapore. 08/16/01.

Zheng Dao Lo Martial Arts Academy Zheng Dao Lo Martial Arts? 1-4. 08/18/01

Wednesday, July 4, 2007

Comprehensive Silat

Silat is very comprehensive. In Silat it is not practical to hop and jump around during combat. The moment that your leg touches the ground after a jump or even several hops, a swift sweep of a pesilat will drop you flat to the ground. That is where you are most vulnerable.

The 'kuda kuda' or strong horselike stance is vital in silat. You move around and about gracefully with firm steps on the ground as a delusion of a moving target while being cautious. You attack at lightning speed the moment you sense a weak spot on your opponent's moves. But beware, your opponent might be luring that attack with his 'langkah sumbang' or fouled steps to 'kill' you as you attack.

Kicking is also usually below the waistline and retraction of your leg after kicking must also be as fast.

I met Cikgu Hashim Osman in Kluang recently and had a conversation with him about G5. Being a naughty kid when he was young, he had been brawling all his life. "I've had my mouth and teeth busted and broken, even hit and bleed behind my head. That's normal", he said. He is now 59 years old but looks fairly young for his age. He'd also been involved in brawls with groups of up to eight and ten people at a time on a number of occasions. He said, "You will get hit or punched in the face and body but G5 enables you to absorb the momentum of hard hitting kicks and punches instinctively. One on one fights are normal".

Having said that, he admitted that he has met a Silat exponent whom he threw a punch but missed. There are always better practitioners than us.